Forty-Five Game Rules

Posted by John Taylor on

(In Forty Five, the Ace of Hearts is the third highest trump card for Spades, Clubs, and Diamonds)

(In Forty Five, the Ace of Hearts is the third highest trump card for Spades, Clubs, and Diamonds)

Card Game Rules

Forty-Five is a card game for 2 to 5 people, played with a standard 52 playing card deck. Other than a more complicated system for establishing trump and ranking cards, Forty-Five is a traditional trick taking game where the objective is to win the most tricks.

For more trick taking games, check out our guides for Spades and Hearts.

If you are looking for cards to play Forty-Five with, check out a standard deck here or one of our more recent arrivals here.

Set Up

Before gameplay can begin, a dealer must be selected. To do so, players must choose a random card from a shuffled deck. The player with the lowest card becomes the dealer. Ties are broken with repeated drawings. The dealer shuffles the deck and then passes out, face down, one set of three cards and then one set of two cards to every player. Afterwards, the next card from the deck is flipped over to establish the trump suit for the game.

If a player has the Ace of the trump suit, they may trade in any of their cards for the card that established trump. If the flipped over card is an Ace, then the dealer may trade in any of their cards for that card.

 

Ranking of Cards

The following are the rankings of trump suits from highest to lowest:

For Spades and Clubs, the rankings are 5, Jack, Ace of Hearts, Ace, King, Queen, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.

For Hearts, the ranking is 5, Jack, Ace, King, Queen, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 4, 3, and 2.

For Diamonds, the ranking is 5, Jack, Ace of Hearts, Ace, King, Queen, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 4, 3, and 2.

 

The following are the rankings of non-trump suits from highest to lowest:

For Spades and Clubs, the rankings are King, Queen, Jack, Ace, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.

For Diamonds, the ranking is King, Queen, Jack, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and A.

For Hearts the ranking is King, Queen, Jack, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, and 2.

 

How to Play

The player to the left of the dealer begins by placing a lead card in the middle of the gameplay area. Going clockwise, players must follow suit if they can and try to out rank all other cards. The player with the highest card takes the trick and places the next lead. If no trump cards are played, the lead suit is highest.

 

Scoring

Players receive 5 points for taking 3 or 4 tricks and 10 points for taking all 5 tricks. The first player to 45 points wins the game.

For more information about Forty-Five, check out Wikipedia's article here or Jerry Dow's article here.

 

Looking for more card games to play?  Check out this article:

40+ Great Card Games For All Occasions

About the author: John Taylor is a content writer and freelancer through the company Upwork.com. You may view his freelancing profile here. He has a B.A. in English, with a specialty in technical writing, from Texas A&M University and is working towards a Masters degree in English at the University of Glasgow. You may view his previous articles about card games here and his LinkedIn profile here.

John Taylor Head shot

Last update date: 10/02/19

0 comments

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published